According to statistics, prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer among men. It is also a leading cause of death. Although life-threatening, patients can still survive as long as the cancer is detected earlier. This cancer develops in the prostate, a gland inside a man’s body that surrounds the neck of the bladder. The gland plays a role in the production of semen. Semen itself is an important substance to protect sperm.
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Stages of prostate cancer aren’t any different from another cancer staging. Cancerous cells start as normal cells. In this particular case, abnormal cells develop from healthy cells in the prostate gland. When the new cells grow uncontrollably, they are considered malignant. The tumor that contains the cells will grow over time. When it is still small, the cancer is possibly at an early stage of development. This is when the cancer is still localized or has yet to spread to nearby areas. During later development, cancer will enter nearby tissues. At this point, treatment is still effective to help the patient. It will be more difficult when the cancer has traveled to distant areas. This stage is considered advanced or also known as metastatic.
Prostate cancer staging is similar to that of another cancer. Stage 1 is highly treatable because at this stage, the cancer is localized. As a result, the survival rate is also high. At stage 2, the tumor keeps on growing and can be detected though a physical examination. There are a few tests that can be done to learn the characteristics of the cancer. No, the cancer has yet to reach other organs at this stage. If it is left untreated, it will progress into stage 3. The invasion starts here, from nearby tissues, the abnormal cells can travel further to distant areas. And when the malignant cells are found in several locations like the bones, lungs, and liver, it shows that the cancer has become metastatic.
Stage 1 prostate cancer
Stage 1 is the initiation phase of prostate cancer. Those who get this disease detected at this stage are the luckiest because the doctor can provide immediate treatment to remove the cancerous cells. The 5-year survival rate is also the highest considering the cancer hasn’t spread and caused damage to other parts of the body. The causes of this cancer remain unknown, but there is a correlation between prostate cancer and age. Research says the risk of cancer increases as we get older. Men with a family history of prostate cancer are also more likely to get this disease compared to the general population. That’s the information about the stages of prostate cancer.