Sabtu, 04 Agustus 2018

Signs of Esophageal Cancer Everybody Should Know

Esophageal cancer is a type of cancer that grows in the lining of the esophagus. It is further divided into two different types. The first one is adenocarcinoma. This is a condition in which the cancer develops in the glandular cells of the esophagus. For your information, those cells play a role in producing fluids. The second type of this cancer is called squamous cell carcinoma. It can be distinguished from the other type from the location it is formed.

Signs of esophageal cancer
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Signs of esophageal cancer

If we talk about symptoms, this cancer is similar to others. At early stages, it causes no symptom at all, so the patient doesn’t know that he has it in his body. He would be aware when the cancer has grown large enough and caused noticeable symptoms. Weight loss is one of them. This can happen to anyone, but there is a reason why someone experiences a weight loss. When someone eats a lot and he still loses weight gradually, he should be alarmed because it is not normal.

Other common symptoms include difficulty swallowing, indigestion, vomiting, and heartburn. After knowing the symptoms, you may want to know the causes. According to many sources, there is no single cause of cancer. However, cancer is heavily linked to lifestyle especially the food that we eat. It is also related to mutations in the DNA. Regardless of the cause, cancer should be detected early enough, so the survival rate can be higher. Cancer that is found at an advanced stage may have spread to distant areas, so it will be much harder to fight off.


Now that you know the signs of esophageal cancer, we’ll share the treatment options. Just like any other cancer, surgery is still considered one of the best methods for removing cancer cells from the body. The success rate will be much higher if it is still localized. In this particular case, the removal of the tumor can be done with the help of an endoscope. The doctor would need to figure out which area of the esophagus should be removed. In some cases, it can include the nearby lymph nodes. Chemotherapy is another effective method to slow down cancer growth.

Esophageal cancer life expectancy

The survival rate is defined by the stage or the characteristics of the cancer. For example, if the cancer is still localized, the survival rate can be as high as 43%. Meanwhile, if the cancer is regional or has started to spread to nearby areas, the rate will drop to 23%. And when it reaches distant areas, it will go even lower to only 5%.

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