Kamis, 09 Agustus 2018

Immunotherapy for the End Stages Lung Cancer

For those who want to know what happens in the end stages of lung cancer, read the following explanation. Normal cells in the body have death cycle. This ensures that the number of those cells remain steady. The same applies to the cells in our lungs. Normal cells can later develop into abnormal cells. They don’t follow the growth pattern of the other cells. Cell division becomes uncontrollable, which can lead to an excessive growth of cells. The cells keep multiplying and nothing can stop them. A small tumor will form, but the size will increase over time.

End Stages Lung Cancer
image source: blesk.cz
The worst part is the cells that develop in one location will eventually break away and reach other parts of the body. They will start dividing in those areas. Cancerous cells are considered metastatic when they have reached other parts. Treatment for advanced cancer is typically difficult, which is why early detection is v very important. There are many methods the doctor can use to detect the formation of nodule, such as a CT scan. The tumor can either be benign or malignant. A malignant tumor is the one that can be life-threatening because it grows aggressively.

Metastasis is a term used to describe the spread of cancer. It is different from metastases. The latter refers to tumors caused by cancerous cells. Cancer can spread to various parts of the body, such as the lymph nodes and other organs. Since cancer is named after the location it originated, it wouldn’t be called lung cancer if it didn’t start here. Sometimes a tumor can develop in another organ and find its way to the lung. The end stages lung cancer need serious attention from the doctor because the cells have been found in other areas. Radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and surgery can be combined to provide the best results. If the treatments don’t work as expected, the patient will probably be given medications to relieve the pain.

Immunotherapy for lung cancer

What is immunotherapy? As the name suggests, this is a type of treatment that uses drugs to empower the immune system. It is the first line of defense against foreign particles in the body. Although cancer cells may share similarities to normal cells, they can still be recognized. And the ultimate goal of this treatment is to help the immune system fight cancer. Does it have any side effects? There are actually fewer side effects of immunotherapy compared to chemotherapy. One of the most common side effects is skin reactions. It can also cause inflammation.

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